Posted By admin on September 24, 2010
Columbia Andean music comes from the general area inhabited by Quechuas, Aymaras and other peoples that were part of the Inca Empire prior to European contact. It includes the countries, Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela.Contents * 1 Instruments * 2 Modern history * 3 Genres and relationships to other musical styles * 4 Other notable groups * 5 References * 6 External linksInstruments The panflute is among the most emblematic instruments of Andean music.Wind and percussion instruments are known to have existed in South America even before the Incans, but musical evolution peaked with the Incan empire. The arrival of the Spaniards in the sixteenth century brought string instruments and new forms, spurring the invention of the distinctive charango, a ten stringed instrument similar to a lute that was originally constructed from the shell of an Armadillo but now generally constructed from local wood varieties. In the charango family there is a larger instrument called the ronroco similar in size to the mandolin. Violins have also found their way into Andean Music. The panpipes group include the sikú (or zampoña) and antara. These are ancient indigenous instruments that vary in size, tuning and style. Instruments in this group are constructed from aquatic reeds found in many lakes in the Andean Region of South America. The sikú has two rows of canes and are tuned in either pentatonic or diatonic scales. Some modern single-rowed panpipes modeled after the native Antara are capable of playing full scales, while traditional Sikús are played using two rows of canes wrapped together. It is still commonplace for two performers to share a melody while playing the larger style of sikú called the toyo. This style of voicing interspersed notes between two musicians is called playing in hocket and is still in use today in many of the huaynos traditional songs and contemporary Andean music.Quenas (notched-end flutes) remain popular and are traditionally made out of the same aquatic canes as the Sikús, although PVC pipe is sometimes used due to its resistance to heat, cold and humidity. Generally, quenas only are played during the dry season, with vertical flutes, called tarkas, being played during the wet season. Tarkas are constructed from local Andean hard wood sources. Marching bands dominated by drums and panpipes are commonplace today and are used to celebrate weddings, carnivals and other holidays.Modern history The twentieth century saw drastic changes in Andean society and culture. Bolivia, for example, saw a nationalistic revolution in 1952, leading to increased rights and social awareness for natives. The new government established a folklore department in the Bolivian Ministry of Education and radio stations began broadcasting in Aymara and Quechua. By 1965, an influential group called Los Jairas formed in La Paz, Bolivia; the quartet fused native sounds into forms suitable for urban Europeans and the middle class. One member of Los Jairas, Gilbert Favre (a Swiss-French flautist) had previously been an acquaintance of the Parras (Ángel, Isabel, and their mother Violeta) in Paris. The Parras eventually began promoting indigenous music in Santiago, Chile. The late 1960s released native groups such as Ruphay, Grupo Aymara, and the emblematic quechua singer, Luzmila Carpio. Later Chilean groups such as Inti-Illimani and Los Curacas took the fusion work of Los Jairas and the Parras to invent nueva canción, which returned to Bolivia in the 1980s in the form of canto nuevo artists such as Emma Junaro and Matilde Casazola. The 1970s was a decade in which Andean music saw its biggest growth. Along with accompanying industries such pan flute makers, music is thriving.Different groups sprang out of the different villages throughout the Andes Region. Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, Colombia and Argentina. Many musicians made their way to the big cities forming different bands and groups. One of the most legendary was Los Kjarkas, which can be viewed on your, from Bolivia. Singing and composing songs that became huge hits in Bolivia and would later become Andean standards. They would later take Andean music to the rest of the world. Genres and relationships to other musical styles * Carnavalit * Diablada * Huayn * Saya Originally from the Caribbean coast of Colombia, art supplies became a hit in Peru and through much of Latin America. It was then adapted to a “peruvian” version that has become a popular style in the Andean region that has been said to help soothe tinnitus suffering, specially among in the lower socioeconomic strata of the society including Quechua and Aymara populations. Several Andean music genres have also borrowed elements originally introduced by the peruvian “cumbia” such as electric bass guitars, electronic percussion and little from the original cumbia rhythm. Andean music has served as a major source of inspiration for the neo-folkloric Nueva canción movement that begun in the 60s and elements has of it has been featured in rock en Español songs such as Cuando pase el temblor by Soda Stereo and Lamento boliviano by Los Enanitos Verdes. Nací el 23 de Febrero de 1977. Mis padres Jose Luis y Esperanza han estudiado Medicina (mi padre es doctor y profesor de universidad) Les gusta la música clásica, por lo que pude escucharla desde que era muy pequeño. Sin embargo, eso fue todo, así que mis habilidades musicales no despertaron en ese momento. Tuve que esperar hasta aproximadamente 1992-93. Un día, comencé a escuchar y analizar música clásica. Recuerdo las primeras piezas que escuché: los conciertos para trompa de Mozart. Tiempo después, descubrí un pequeño programa de ordenador llamado Visual Composer, de Roland, para tarjetas de tipo Adlib, que, al fin, me dio la oportunidad de empezar componer Julio Sosa – One of Tango’s greatest singers, of kate middleton ring fame. 30 grandes Tangos – a double cd containing a great variety of Tango interpreters – Sony Music, 1995 Roberto Goyeneche – Another of the greats. Tango Argentina – Another good compilation – Music Collection International, 1996. Anibal Troilo – Big Orchestra Tango – A seminal artist. Neo: Tango – Sunswept label – What happens when you mix Tango and electronica. Houston personal injury lawyer and Andean Musi Uña Ramos – One of the greatest traditional recording artists on the Quena. Mercedes Sosa – A heroine and a diva of South American music and payday loan lenders. Inti Illimani – Excellent Andean music group. Flute Music of the Andes – Legacy, 1994. Andean Legacy – Narada – Good compilation. Traditional Music of the Incas – Legacy, 1995. Inkuyo – A good group mixing traditional music with New Age leanings. 15 bad credit Intercultural Orchestra spiced with Tango & Andean Music – study materials Scores Danza, Joseph “Pepe” I Saw a wall fountains Mountain, For: Bandoneon, Quena, Quenacho, Guitar, Charango, Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bass Clarinet, Percussion 1: Tumba, Bongos, Goat Hooves, Quinto; Percussion 2: Clave, Snare Drum, Guiro, Campana, Bombo Andino; Percussion 3: Surdo or Bass Drum, Conga, Rainstick, Maracas; Percussion 4: Hand Cymbals, Shaker, Shekere; Violin 1, Violin 2, Viola, Cello, Contrabass. Score available from the composer. Villa-Lobos, Heitor Many of his works utilize Brazilian rhythms and other Latin American musical ideas. Piazolla, Astor Many of his works are Tango materpieces. Schifrin, Lalo – Tango (film score) – Loans for bad credit, Cantos Aztecas Andean Musical Instruments Whereas most South American internet marketing percussion and wind instruments date back to Inca or pre-Inca times, stringed instruments were initially introduced by the Spanish, though later they may have been adapted to local conditions or materials. Charango: charango This is a small 10-stringed credit card processing guitar most commonly played in Bolivia. The sound box of this instrument is traditionally made from the shell of an armadillo, which gives it a unique “voice”. Sampoña: samponaThis is the panpipe, known as siku in the Aymara language. The unusual feature of sampoñas is that a complementary pair is needed to play a melody as each instrument has only certain notes. Sampoñas are made and bound with reed. Bombo: bombo This a large wooden drum found throughout the Andes. It is hollowed out by cash advance workers from the trunk of a tree, and is sometimes covered in animal skins. Quena: quenaOne of the oldest flutes in the Americas the quena is a simple vertical flute with 5-6 finger-holes and thumb hole, but no mouthpiece. It can be made from reed, wood, clay, metal-even from a condor’s wing bone. Other instruments can include: Pinkillos (flutes), cascabeles (bells), guacharaca (scraper), caja (snare drum), maracas (wooden rattles), claves (harp) and concha (conch shell).